Top 8 richest African nations in 2024

FILE PHOTO: A man counts Nigerian naira notes in a market place in Yola, Nigeria, February 22, 2023. REUTERS/Esa Alexander/File Photo
Source: X07719

Africa is a continent mostly known for the world's poorest countries and oddities. However, several African countries are working tirelessly to improve their GDPs and stay above foreign debts.

Many of these countries could easily represent the developed side of the continent. Considering GDP per capita, which measures the value of all goods and services produced per resident, many African nations stand out as the wealthiest on the continent.

According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), here are the 8 richest countries in Africa by GDP per capita (PPP).


Mauritius holds the top spot as the richest country in Africa in 2024, with a GDP-PPP per capita of $31,157. Renowned for its diverse economy, Mauritius has successfully expanded beyond traditional sectors such as sugar and textiles.


Despite recent political and economic challenges, Libya ranks second with a GDP-PPP per capita of $26,527. The country's wealth primarily stems from its vast oil reserves, and ongoing efforts to stabilize its economy have been crucial in maintaining its position among Africa's richest nations.


Botswana, with a GDP-PPP per capita of $20,311, is known for its stable economic growth and successful diversification strategies. The country has effectively managed its diamond resources and invested in sectors like tourism and agriculture, bolstering its economic resilience.


Gabon ranks fourth with a GDP-PPP per capita of $19,865, driven by its abundant natural resources, including oil and minerals. The government's focus on sustainable development and economic diversification has been crucial in maintaining Gabon's status as one of Africa's wealthiest nations.


Egypt secures the fifth position with a GDP-PPP per capita of $17,786. As one of Africa's most populous countries, Egypt boasts a diverse economy, with key sectors including tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing.

Equatorial Guinea

With a GDP-PPP per capita of $17,237, Equatorial Guinea heavily relies on its oil wealth to propel economic development. Despite oil's predominant role, initiatives to diversify the economy and invest in sectors such as agriculture and infrastructure have contributed to its economic prosperity.

South Africa

South Africa, the economic powerhouse of the continent, ranks seventh with a GDP-PPP per capita of $16,625. Despite grappling with challenges like inequality and unemployment, South Africa's diverse economy spans mining, manufacturing, and services, solidifying its pivotal role in the region.


Taking the eighth spot, Algeria boasts a GDP-PPP per capita of $14,227. While the country's economy heavily depends on hydrocarbons, initiatives to diversify into sectors like renewable energy and manufacturing are underway to secure sustained economic growth.

You may be interested in